CLASSICAL / EXCLUSIVE (intellectual, objective)

ROMANTIC / INCLUSIVE (emotional, cerebral, spiritual, subjective)
Classical Greece Hellenistic Greece
  Early Christian
  Byzantine
  Medieval
Renaissance  
  Mannerism
French Classical-Baroque Baroque / Counter-Reformation / 17th c.
  Rococo
Neo-Classical Romanticism
Realism  
Impressionism  
Pointillism / Divisionism Post Impressionism
 

Symbolism

  Fauvism
Cubism (Europe)  
Non-Objective (Europe) German Expressionism
International Style Architecture  
Bauhaus Dada
Futurism (Italy) Surrealism (Europe)
Constructivism (USSR)  

DeStijl (The Netherlands)

 
  Regionalism (USA)
  Mexican Muralists
  Abstract Expressionism (NY School)
Minimalism (mostly USA)  
  Conceptual Art (mostly USA)
  Performance Art
  Installation Art
  Pop (mostly USA)
Superrealism (aka Photo-Realism) Neo-Expressionism
  Political Art
  Feminist Art (mostly USA)
  New Technologies
  Post-Modern (Architecture)
  Deconstructivist (Architecture)